According to a report by the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organisation, land degradation has been exacerbated where there has been an absence of any land use planning, or of its orderly execution, or the existence of financial or legal incentives that have led to the wrong land use decisions, or one-sided central planning leading to over-utilization of the land resources - for instance for immediate production at all costs.
Institutional Incentives and Sustainable Development: Infrastructure Policies in Perspective Ostrom, Elinor, and Schroeder, Larry, and Wynne, Susan, Oxford: Westview Press, 1993.
Kim received a MacArthur Fellowship in 2003, was named one of America's 25 Best Leaders by US News & World Report in 2005, and in 2006 was listed as one of the top 100 most influential people in the world by Time Magazine. He serves on the Advisory Board of Incentives for Global Health, the NGO formed to develop the Health Impact Fund proposal.
Econométrica 41, 587–601. Holmstrom, B. 1977. On incentives and control in organizations. Ph.D. thesis, Stanford University. Myerson, R.
Sipos, 2007 There are concerns regarding the proposed repeal of the Sixteenth Amendment, removal of tax deduction incentives, transition effects on after-tax savings, incentivos on credit use, and the loss of tax advantages to state and local bonds.
However, two Viacom executives who spoke to the New York Times disclosed that the terms of the agreement were for $150 million in incentives in exchange for the exclusivity lasting at least 18 months, or through the next two holiday seasons.
Michael Piatek, Tomas Isdal, Thomas Anderson, and Arvind Krishnamurthy, University of Washington; Arun Venkataramani, University of Massachusetts. Do Incentives Build Robustness in BitTorrent?
Butler was responsible for creating The Industrial Charter (1947) that sought to combine support of free enterprise with Tory interventionism that promised security of employment, promotion of full employment, and improvement of incentives to employees to help them develop skills and talents - allowing them to fulfill their full potential as individuals, and enhanced status for all employees regardless of their occupation.
El programa de incentivos fiscales es operado por el Programa de Incentivos Fiscales de Preservación Histórica Federal («Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives Program») que es administrado conjuntamente por el Servicio de Parques Nacionales, SHPO, y el Servicio de Impuestos Internos («Internal Revenue Service»)., Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service, Official site.
Además del 20% del crédito fiscal el programa de incentivos ofrece un 10% de crédito fiscal para la rehabilitación a propietarios de propiedades no-históricas y edificios no residenciales construidos antes de 1936., Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives, Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service, Sitio Oficial.
His 1993 legislation created "empowerment zones", which provided tax incentives for investment and job creation in inner urban areas; it would eventually account for $5 billion in federal spending across the nation's cities.
Also in 1999, Rangel was forced out as chair of the foundation behind New York's Apollo Theater, after the New York State Attorney General charged the board with failing to collect more than $4 million owed it by a company controlled by Percy Sutton; both Rangel and Sutton denied any wrongdoing in the matter. Rangel sponsored the African Growth and Opportunity Act, passed in 2000, which for the first time provided incentives for U.S.